I was looking for a way to negative logic, doing something when a condition is not satisfied, that is, and found that the way to do it is to do nothing when the condition is satisfied and something when it isn’t. Being used to saying do something when a condition is false, this does come as a surprise. It may be that I find another way on my UNIX shell scripting journey. In the meantime, the code below will only create a directory when it doesn’t already exist.
if [[ -d $dirname ]]
: # the colon operator means do nothing